A fall is defined as a sudden, unintentional change in position, which results in an individual either hitting the ground or another object below his or starting point (George, 2000). Falls are a major cause of significant injury and disability among older adults. It is estimated that as many as 75% of nursing home residents fall annually, twice as many as those living our communities.
Many falls are predictable, because a single cause can be identified in about one-third of falls. The two-third of the other falls has more than one risk factor involved and in the long-term care setting, residents are likely to have more than one risk factor for falls. Risk factors are either intrinsic or extrinsic.